Croatia is a Central European and Mediterranean country.
Croatia covers a land area of 56,691 square kilometers and has a population of about 4.3 million people. Croatia has an unusual shape that is unlike any other country in the world.
The main population centres are Zagreb, the capital (with a population of just under 1.000,000), Osijek in the northeast (population: 107,000), and the ports of Rijeka (population: 128,000) on the northern part of the coastline, and Split (population: 178,000) towards the south. Other well known towns include Dubrovnik, Makarska, Porec, Rovinj, Opatija, Zadar and Sibenik.
Croatia has an amazing 5,835km of coastline, 4,057km of which belongs to islands, cliffs and reefs. There are 1,185 islands in the Adriatic, while only about 50 are populated. The largest island is Krk (near Rijeka) which has a land area of 462 square km, whilst the country’s other well known islands include Hvar, Brac, Korcula and Pag.
The climate is the Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast, meaning warm dry summers and mild winters, with 2,600 hours of sunlight on average yearly – it is one of the sunniest coastlines in Europe! The interior of the country has a continental climate with hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
Top Facts on Croatia
- Population 4.29 million (2011 census)
- Capital Zagreb
- Other main cities (by population) Split, Rijeka, Osijek
- Language Croatian, using the Latin alphabet
- Currency Kuna (100 Lipa = 1 Kuna)
- Area 56,691 square kilometers